Drug addiction is considered to be a complex yet treatable brain disease. The addiction is mainly characterized by a compulsive craving of drugs, seeking and also use that continue even in cases of severe adverse consequences. For most of the people, drug addiction works like a chronic situation with the possibility of relapses even after a long period of abstinence. Actually, relapse to drug abuse takes place at the rates that are similar to the rates of some other chronic and well characterized medical illnesses like asthma, hypertension and diabetes.
Being one of the recurring and chronic illnesses, addiction may need some repeated treatments in order to enhance the intervals between the relapses and also to diminish the intensity until the abstinence is obtained. Through the customized addiction recovery treatment for individual needs, the drug addicts can easily recover and can also live productive lives.
The main goal of the addiction recovery treatment offered by the drug rehab centers is to enable the addicts in achieving really lasting abstinence by reducing the drug abuse, improving the ability of the patients to function and minimizing the social and medical complications of addiction and drug abuse. Likewise the patients with heart disease or diabetes, people with the drug addiction also need to change their behavior in order to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
The behavioral therapy and medication alone or in combination are the aspects of the total therapeutic process offered by the drug rehab centers, which mainly begins with detoxification and is followed by the treatment and prevention of the relapse. Besides, easing the withdrawal symptoms are also essential during the initial period of the treatment as well as preventing the relapse is essential for maintaining the effects. In a few cases, episodes of relapse may need a return to the earlier treatment components.
Here are the options of medications, which are mainly used to assist with various aspects of the addiction treatment procedure:
- Withdrawal: The medications mainly help in suppressing the withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification period. But the medically assisted withdrawal is not considered to be a treatment. Rather, it is the first step of the treatment process. Mostly patients, who undergo the medically assisted addiction withdrawal symptoms, but never receive any further treatment, show the patterns of drug abuse similar to people, who were never treated.
- Treatment: The medications are mainly used to help the addicts in reestablishing the normal brain functions and also to prevent and decrease the cravings throughout the treatment procedure.